News FROM AROUND THE WORLD

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  • April 25, 2018 3:08 PM | Anonymous member (Administrator)

    Finding explanations for the observed variation in human languages is the primary goal of linguistics, and promises to shed light on the nature of human cognition. One particularly attractive set of explanations is functional in nature, holding that language universals are grounded in the known properties of human information processing. The idea is that lexicons and grammars of languages have evolved so that language users can communicate using words and sentences that are relatively easy to produce and comprehend.  In this talk, I summarize results from an exploration of color words cross linguistically, from an information-processing point of view.  First, I show that word lengths are optimized on average according to predictability in context, as would be expected under an information theoretic analysis. And second, I apply a simple information theory analysis to the language for color. The number of color terms varies drastically across languages. 


    Yet despite these differences, certain terms (e.g., red) are prevalent, which has been attributed to perceptual salience. Our work provides evidence for an alternative hypothesis: The use of color terms depends on communicative needs. Across languages, from the hunter-gatherer Tsimane’ people of the Amazon to students in Boston, warm colors are communicated more efficiently than cool colors. This cross-linguistic pattern reflects the color statistics of the world: Objects (what we talk about) are typically warm-colored, and backgrounds are cool-colored. Communicative needs also explain why the number of color terms varies across languages: Cultures vary in how useful color is. Industrialization, which creates objects distinguishable solely based on color, increases color usefulness.

  • March 29, 2018 6:39 PM | Anonymous member (Administrator)

    In the latest edition of the JAIC, Volume 21,  Brexit Blues: an explanation of how the UK legal systems protect colour and how this may be affected by recent legal and political developments.   This study is an analysis of the legal mechanisms available in the United Kingdom (UK) to protect colour and the possible implications on these protections of the UK’s decision to leave the European Union (EU). 

    The study explains the unique issues colour presents for the law and explores how the intellectual property system operates to generate rights over colours generally with reference to the colour blue as an illustrative thread running through the study. It has used both literary and web-based resources and contribution from those practicing in the field. Consideration is then given to multiple colour rights and the interrelationship between the various rights in the context of the current political climate. 


    Received 16 November 2017; revised 02 March 2018; accepted 17 March 2018 Published online: 26 March 2018


  • March 21, 2018 11:29 AM | Anonymous member (Administrator)

    On the 21st March the AIC community celebrates ‘colour and light’, without which no human being would survive on our planet Earth.   The AIC has been celebrating the International Colour Day which falls on the March Equinox, and the event carried out by the member countries.


  • October 25, 2017 11:27 AM | Anonymous member (Administrator)

    The AIC Color Award in Art, Design and Environment, established in 2015, was presented for the first time during the AIC 13th Congress in Jeju, Korea. Dr. Nemcsics is awarded for his outstanding contributions in color dynamics, color harmony, arts, architecture and environmental color design.  See more details in the “CADE Award” section.


  • October 25, 2017 11:25 AM | Anonymous member (Administrator)

    The award is bestowed upon Dr. Luo in recognition of his important work in the field of color and imaging science. The award was presented during the AIC 13th Congress in Jeju, Korea.   See the “Judd Award” section for the list of previous awardees. View and download the list of the most important publications of the AIC Judd awardees.


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